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-   -   KVCD: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) (http://www.digitalfaq.com/archives/encode/65-kvcd-frequently-asked.html)

kwag 05-02-2002 01:47 PM

KVCD: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
 
The KVCD.net F.A.Q.
Last revision - August 6, 2003.


The KVCD Frequently Asked Questions.

Q-1a How do I save the template?

You "Right Click" and "Save As" on one of the template links.

Q-1b How do I use or install the KVCD templates?

Press the "Load" button on the TMPEGEnc main window. This button allows one to load an encoder template, which have the extension of ".mcf". Templates for most kinds of projects are normally included in a TMPGEnc distribution, and contain reasonable settings for VCD, DVD, SVCD projects, etc. After a template is loaded, one can change some of the default template settings, but the grayed-out settings can not be altered.
The template folder contains an "Extra" folder with non-standard templates. This folder also contains "unlock.mcf", which unlocks some addition settings in TMPGEnc, and allows one to change the previously unchangeable settings. Unlocking additional settings is not always a good thing because it allows the encoder to function in ways that may not produce results that are usable to most users.



Q-2 I am trying to get TMPGenc to encode an anamorphic 704x576?

The best way to get the correct output aspect ratio is to use the program "FitCD".
This program automatically handles the correct video resizing before the stream goes into TMPEG Encoder.
Get it here: http://shh.dvdboard.de/


Q-3 Also what settings I need to use to burn it in nero.

You burn the mpegs created with KVCD templates as VCD.
But you have to un-check the box "Create standard compliant CD".


Q-4 I dont know how to find out the encoding type of my file ( MPEG-4, DIVx )

You "right click" on the file, and select "properties". Now you should see
information regarding frame rate, resolution, etc.



Q-5 My DVD player doesn't play KVCD's!

Did you Burn a sample and test it in your DVD player?
Did you check if your DVD player is listed in the models that have been tested here: http://www.kvcd.net/forum/viewforum.php?f=13
Download one of the small test samples in the main page
and burn it with VCDEasy or Nero to test your standalone player.
Get a sample in the left panel here: http://www.kvcd.net


Q-6 Does using the noise reduction in tmpeg make the file larger?

Using noise reduction with any encoder will usually make smaller files. What happens is that noise is blurred and sharp edges are smoothened. The result is a smaller file and a cleaner image.



Q-7 Can you use tmpeg to cut and/or add to a .mpg/.mpeg file?

Yes. Run TMPEG and under the "File" menu, go to "MPEG Tools".
There you'll find tools to Multiplex, De-Multiplex, cut and merge.



Q-8 How big of an MPEG file can you get onto a 80 minute cdr-80?

VCD's are written in what's called MODE-2. So a 74 minute CD-R can hold 740MB of video + overburn, and a 80-minute CD-R can hold 800MB of video + overburn. Overburn usually buys you around 15-20 extra megabytes. It depends on the CD-R media manufacturer.



Q-9 Can you really fit 120 minutes of video in a single CD-R?

Well of course! That's why you're here, right?
Really, it all depends on the type of video material you are trying to encode.
There have been reports of some 147+ minute videos created with KVCD templates and burned on a single 80 minute CD-R.
More information on new methods:
Download this: http://www.kvcd.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2142
Then read this thread: http://www.kvcd.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=1729


Q-10 What about CD-R90 compatibility issues? Any results?
Some users have reported success with 90 minute CD-R.
I personally haven't tried one yet.


Q-11 Would improving the GOP structure improve quality more than upping the CQ?

It all depends on the encoder. The GOP structure currently used in the KVCD template is optimized for TMPGEnc 2.5x and TMPGEnc 2.5x Plus. As far as the CQ, the value of 70 was selected after many trial encodes, and was determined that it's about the absolute minimum for a descent quality mpeg. Below 70, quality starts to degrade rapidly. The value of 70 was
measured with a resolution of 352x480 NTSC ( 352x576 PAL ). If the target created is 352x240 NTSC ( 352x288 PAL ), the CQ value can be increased to 74 to compensate for the lower resolution.


Q-12 I searched and found AviSynth. I'm new to this. I have no clue on how to work with this!

Read about AviSynth at the author's site here:
http://www.avisynth.org


Q-13 When i'm trying to use TemporalSmoother with AviSynth script I get colors like at 16 color resolution . Why? Looks like AviSynth does not support RGB ???

You're right!. AviSynth doesn't support RGB. If you can't change your frame serving method, or your source is RGB, you can use an AviSynth function called ConvertToYUY2()
Read about this here:
http://www.avisynth.org/index.php?page=Convert


Q-14 Do you have any Optimal settings to code movies in 352x240 resolution?

You use the standard KVCD template, and change the output resolution from 352x480 to 352x240.
You can also increase the CQ value to 74 to compensate for the lower resolution.

Q-15 Can I add chapters to my mpeg files?

Yes you can!. Use VCDEasy.
Read more here:
http://www.vcdeasy.org


Q-16 How do I add sub-titles?

There are many methods for this:
Read Sefy's guides here:
http://www.kvcd.net/guides/sefy/index.htm


Q-17 Someone please tell us how to do this demux and mux with bbmpeg cause im going crazy!

Follow this guides:
http://www.spawns.dk/svcd/bbmpeg.htm


Q-18 After re-muxing, do you burn this as a VCD or SVCD??

You'd burn it as an svcd. This method is necessary for some Apex models.
Note: You only burn as SVCD files that have been muxed by this method.
If the MPEG file was created with the standard KVCD template without mux/demux, you would burn as a non-standard VCD.


Q-19 How do I use FitCD?

Read the manual here: http://shh.dvdboard.de/


Q-20 What is this IVTC or Inverse Telecine?

Read all about it here:
http://www.inmatrix.com/articles/ivtc.shtml



Q-21 I changed the resolution from 352x480 to x240 and set the CQ to 82. But, the file was a lot bigger than I expected.

You lower the CQ value to get smaller file sizes.
As a rule of thumb ( *** Experimental **** ) every increase or decrease of CQ in steps of +-4 creates a file +-100MB.
So if your encoded MPEG was 900MB at CQ=82, probably changing CQ=78 will bring the file down to around 800MB.



Q-22 What is your recomended setting for the capture setting ( Via composite video, S-Video )?

Note: NTSC Values shown.
Always capture at the resolution you intend to encode.
If you are capturing from a VHS tape or TV ( Satellite, etc. ), you capture at 352x480, not at 352x240.
This way you get both fields.
Even if your intention is to create a 352x240 VCD.
There is no quality gain by capturing above 352x480 if your target is 352x480 or below.



Q-23 Capture to what? AVI?, MPEG-1?, MPEG-2?

If you have to capture to MPEG because of disk space limitations, then use MPEG-2 at 4Mbit or higher.
The best quality is achieved with a lossless CODEC like the Huffy CODEC.

Q-24 Can I convert my DIVx ( MPEG-4 ) movies to MPEG-1 with the KVCD template?

Yes you can. But the result will probably be unacceptable.
The reason is that DIVx is already re-compressed from another re-compressed (DVD's, etc ) format, which already contains macro blocks, so it's another generation of material getting re-compressed again into mpeg.

The results are very poor, and most of the time, very large mpeg files. I suggest only video captures and DVD material only as source for final mpeg.

Q-25 But I still want to convert my DIVx to mpeg. What do I have to do?

You have been warned :roll:.
If you still want to give it a try or your DIVx is excelent in quality, just open your DIVx file with TMPEG as the source material. You must have installed the DIVx CODECS so that the file will be read by TMPEG.

Then load the template and adjust the input video aspect. You will have to play with these parameters, because most DIVx files are non-standard resolutions. So you will have to encode small clips until your correct aspect displays.

Q-26 I don't understand all this about input aspect ratios in TMPEG. Will you explain exactly how to do this?

No. Read the on-line TMPEG manual :wink:
Note: Available only in the registered TMPGEnc 2.54 Plus

Or read the F.A.Q. here: http://www.tmpgenc.net/e_faq.html

Q-27 I have problems trying to convert Spiderman or other ( Copyrighted ) movies that I've downloaded from the net. Will you help me?

NO WAY!
You better go back and read the fine print at http://www.kvcd.net

Q-28 I am having problems with solarization,16 bit color smearing which only appears if you load an avs file into tempgenc. How do I fix this?

Read this article:
http://www.kvcd.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=438


Q-29 What is that "5823" in the GOP :?:
That's KVCD's signature. Look at your telephone pad :wink:
The last number in the GOP is what restricts the maximum number of frames.


Q-30 I get an unrecognized exception error trying to load an avs file with TMPGenc, using dvd2avi v1.77.3 ?

.d2v files created with dvd2avi v1.77.3 are NOT compatible with mpeg2dec.dll! Use v1.76 instead. If you still want to use v1.77.3, make sure that you have AviSynth v2.5 installed and mpeg2dec3.dll v1.07 (or a more recent version).


-------------------- The End , Final, Finito, Ende, Fini --------------------

Much more to come ...

willy_annand 11-23-2002 09:45 AM

for Q-15

The link you provide is unvalid, the new link is:

http://www.vcdeasy.org/

kwag 11-23-2002 12:40 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by willy_annand
for Q-15

The link you provide is unvalid, the new link is:

http://www.vcdeasy.org/

Updated!
Thanks Willy,
-kwag

sunmanking 12-20-2002 02:50 PM

fitcd broken link
 
hi,

i've just signed in and here goes my first posting :wink:

the fitcd link is broken. the new one is:
http://shh.dvdboard.de/

that's it!

luis

kwag 12-20-2002 02:54 PM

Re: fitcd broken link
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by sunmanking
hi,

i've just signed in and here goes my first posting :wink:

the fitcd link is broken. the new one is:
http://shh.dvdboard.de/

that's it!

luis

Thanks for the update Luis. Link updated :D
-kwag

mrj03 12-21-2002 11:04 PM

Re: fitcd broken link
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by kwag
Quote:

Originally Posted by sunmanking
hi,

i've just signed in and here goes my first posting :wink:

the fitcd link is broken. the new one is:
http://shh.dvdboard.de/

that's it!

luis

Thanks for the update Luis. Link updated :D
-kwag

NEITHER of the samples on the homepage are working. Is there an updated link??
S-Video Capture Sample #1
S-Video Capture Sample #2

DorvalCS 12-30-2002 03:28 PM

Which Templates to use?
 
Gentleman,

I am a bit confused... I have tried your templates (KVCDx2, KVCD PLus and KVCDx3)... They all give great results! Which ones do you recommend I use? Do I assume correctly if I think that the KVCDx3 templates are the latest and greatest templates and that if my DVD supports them I should use these?

Amazing work!

DorvalCS

kwag 12-30-2002 05:42 PM

Re: Which Templates to use?
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by DorvalCS
Do I assume correctly if I think that the KVCDx3 templates are the latest and greatest templates and that if my DVD supports them I should use these?

That is correct :wink:
Quote:


Amazing work!

DorvalCS
Thanks DorvalCS :D

-kwag

emaef 01-03-2003 08:14 AM

Hello Kwag,
Your FAQ states at question 5: Get a sample in the left panel here: http://www.kvcd.net

But when I go there it says: MPEG-1 Samples Please look in the forum area
Can you point me to the real location of the samples ?

Wilbert 08-06-2003 05:00 AM

Nice faq! Could you update Q12 and Q13 and link to http://www.avisynth.org and http://www.avisynth.org/index.php?page=Convert ?

kwag 08-06-2003 05:43 AM

Thanks Wilbert.
Updated :!:

-kwag

TCB 09-30-2003 08:32 AM

more questions
 
Q-31 My source is 640*272. What template do I need to use?


Q-32 MPEG1 and MPEG2, what are the differences, and which one do I need to encode my movie in?


Q-33 what's the difference between KVCD and SKVCD?

maniktushar 06-12-2004 09:00 AM

Well I'm new here and this is my first post as u'll can see. This FAQ answered many of my questions. However, 1 question that was not answered is "How do I use AVISynth Scripts to encode KVCD's"
I've searched a lot but cant find the right answer I've just found out that using these scripts we can get better quality etc......... So I just wanted to know how to use these scripts in avisynth and all. Pls. add this to the FAQ if yo could thanks.

Prodater64 06-12-2004 09:56 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by maniktushar
Well I'm new here and this is my first post as u'll can see. This FAQ answered many of my questions. However, 1 question that was not answered is "How do I use AVISynth Scripts to encode KVCD's"
I've searched a lot but cant find the right answer I've just found out that using these scripts we can get better quality etc......... So I just wanted to know how to use these scripts in avisynth and all. Pls. add this to the FAQ if yo could thanks.

Take a look:
http://www.avisynth.org/
http://www.avisynth.org/index.php?page=YourFirstScript


--------------------------
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Visit: KVCD - MencodeMe - Auxiliar Task - KVCD Docking Gate by Prodater64.
Visit: Mencoder scripting with AVSEdit and Guide for Multiple Files by Prodater64.
Visit: Mini-guide quick and easy - DVD to (S)KVCD with MencodeMe by Maurus.
Visit: Mencode-me: a newbie oriented GUI - 0.23 is out! by VMesquita.
--------------------------

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deannatrois 07-09-2004 04:56 PM

Re: Frequently Asked Questions
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by "kwag[b
Q-30 I get an unrecognized exception error trying to load an avs file with TMPGenc, using dvd2avi v1.77.3 ? [/b]

.d2v files created with dvd2avi v1.77.3 are NOT compatible with mpeg2dec.dll! Use v1.76 instead. If you still want to use v1.77.3, make sure that you have AviSynth v2.5 installed and mpeg2dec3.dll v1.07 (or a more recent version).


-------------------- The End , Final, Finito, Ende, Fini --------------------

Much more to come ...

I have a similiar problem. I want a standalone version of DVD2AVI v.1.76, but in spite of extensive searching, I can't find one. The bundle referred to elsewhere in the forum that contains the right version, is too confusing, I don't know how to get to the DVD2AVI bits I need lol (am using Red M's Guide To Creating Good Quality KVCD's). Is there anywhere where I can download the v1.76? I hope so cause I am totally stuck without it lol!

Thanks

deannatrois

Prodater64 07-09-2004 05:59 PM

Re: Frequently Asked Questions
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by deannatrois
I have a similiar problem. I want a standalone version of DVD2AVI v.1.76, but in spite of extensive searching, I can't find one. The bundle referred to elsewhere in the forum that contains the right version, is too confusing, I don't know how to get to the DVD2AVI bits I need lol (am using Red M's Guide To Creating Good Quality KVCD's). Is there anywhere where I can download the v1.76? I hope so cause I am totally stuck without it lol!
Thanks
deannatrois

I only did one search: http://www.avisynth.org/warpenterpri...vd2avi_176.zip

:D


--------------------------
Visit: DockingGate, a powerful tool, by Prodater64.
Visit: DockingGate taskbar, by Prodater64.
Visit: Mencoder scripting with AVSEdit and Guide for Multiple Files by Prodater64.
--------------------------

deannatrois 07-09-2004 06:18 PM

DVD2AVI
 
Well I assure u, I was not telling mistruths lol! Just to be sure I googled again (DVD2AVI 1.76 and download DVD2AVI 1.76) and the only avisynth reference that came up was for filters. I even did a torrent search on several torrent search engines (just in case). Still found no standalone version to download from other sites, plenty of reviews, links to sites that only contain version 1.77 and as part of the bundle.., but that's it.

Obviously it does exist tho! Anyway, am very grateful and its now installed. Thanks.

Prodater64 07-09-2004 06:29 PM

Hey, hey, hey, hey, don't take so bad, it was a joke! :D

deannatrois 07-11-2004 11:07 AM

No problem
 
Aww., its not important. It looks like there is a small learning curve as to how to find things as well as how things work with KVCD lol!

No offense taken

UNICHEM 11-26-2006 03:26 AM

question no.16 is no longer exist...please update it...thankss


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