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06-19-2010, 06:31 PM
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Timebase Corrector (TBC) FAQ

A 'timebase corrector' or 'time base corrector' -- often simply referred to as a 'TBC' -- is a device that corrects the signal and/or image quality of video tapes, especially VHS and S-VHS tapes. By the most basic definition, video is input into a buffer, and then it is corrected before being output again. However, the term "TBC" is often used so loosely, that it seems any type of "correction" can apply. There is no universal or standardized definition, so product makers can get away with calling anything a TBC. Sometimes I wonder if my toaster has a TBC.

The best way to define a TBC is by empirical analysis of devices that exist, and claim to have a TBC inside, and analyzing what they do.

Quick link: Listing of popular and commonly available TBCs; includes pricing and misc usage notes.


Standalone, External Full-Frame TBC:

A good recent-era standalone external time base corrector will:
  • reduce visual on-screen image jitter (mild up/down image bounce)
  • overwrite "dirty" signal areas with new clean ones --- understanding these areas are often used by anti-copy, which of course is an artificial video error -- and understanding this is not going to visually improve the signal, but rather only prevent image quality issues (as seen on a TV or capture device) caused by false detection of anti-copy, such as Macrovision
  • and provide a steady signal that prevents dropped frames on capture cards, or premature recording stop on DVD recorders
A standalone TBC will generally not clean up visual image quality, such as removing chroma noise or suppressing visual distortions (excluding mild vertical jitter/vibration). Clean-up features of this nature are generally found only in high-grade modern broadcast TBCs that price well into the 4-digit range, from companies such as Leitch or For.A. For example, the For.A FA-128 for $1700.

Good standalone TBCs include:
You would do best to avoid old user TBCs found on eBay and other places -- many ancient 80s/90s TBCs work different than the ones specifically suggested here. Most ancient "big Bertha" rack-mounted units existed before the age of tape-to-digital conversion (example: VHS to DVD), and were created for entirely different workflows. Generally speaking, these older TBCs don't work as well the modern non-rack boxes, when the workflow is converting consumer tapes to digital formats. Those are geared more towards U-matic, Betacam SP, and other broadcast/professional formats of that era.

Update: After reading this first post, scroll further down the page, and read extended information in post #3, concerning current standalone TBCs.
Addendum: If you're looking for repair information on the AVT-8710 (aka CTB-100) units, a photo gallery of images is at AVT-8710 TBC specs? ... it shows both the inside components, and shots of the power supply specs. The images come from a known-working unit with zero flaws.


S-VHS VCR Line TBC:

Found in commonly suggested VCRs, but unlike the standalone TBC, this type of timebase corrector will:
  • NOT give a continual clean signal out from the VCR
  • NOT remove anti-copy signals, by replacing those often-dirty areas with new clean data
  • NOT help much with vertical "picture bounce" jitter -- in fact it can sometimes increase the amount of jitter
What it will do, however, is clean the visual quality, by:
  • removing or reducing chroma noise (the red/blue colored mist found in all VHS tape formats)
  • removing geometric distortions from the image, such as the wiggling appearance of older video, as if viewed through a rippling pond or bathtub (aka "horizontal" jitter)
Very often VCR TBCs are merged with embedded noise reduction circuits, which use the power of the TBC to further suppress or remove grain and prevent color bleeding. For example, the DNR/TBC unit found inside the higher end JVC S-VHS and D-VHS professional and prosumer VCRs.

The quality of the TBC really depends on the model and line/series of the deck. In many cases, the oldest "professional" VCRs (used in studios and hospitals) are worthless crap, as compared to late 90s and early 2000s professional and prosumer models that work much better. The older VCRs were geared towards recording quality, while the latter generations of VCRs were made with playback in mind, especially that of analog-to-digital conversion workflows.

A trivia worth mentioning is that the Panasonic AG-1980P comes with a "full field" TBC, which is not the same as a full-frame TBC. It's more like multiple lines of correction, instead of single-line correction. However, it is not superior (simply due to having extra lines) to the single-line TBCs found in the higher-end JVC S-VHS VCRs. JVC and Panasonic are fairly identical in TBC performance, with the main differences in these VCRs being the transports, and how each reacts to tapes (based on the recording mode and content of the tape).


DVD Recorder 'TBC':

This is where we start to enter the land of "it's a TBC because we wrote it on the box". In many cases, the "TBC" is nothing more than a basic frame sychronizer, or circuitry that provides a similar function. Several manufacturers have referred to such circuits as a "virtual TBC"; however that's misleading, as it's not really a time base corrector, and arguably not even close to it.

These DVD recorder "TBCs" tend to only be good at one thing: removing tearing (sometimes called "flagging" because the video waves like a flag in the wind) that can sometimes be seen on the top of a VHS signal, a visual distortion on the uppermost portion of the screen. You'll have to disable the VCR TBC and often remove the standalone TBC, to get benefit of this feature, as needed. You may want to read this: An advanced definition of video tearing.

IMPORTANT: Unfortunately these DVD recorders often have bad capture/recording quality, so you'll want to use it in "passthrough" mode. This means you feed a signal into the DVD recorder, and then output it to a better capture device further on. It is not used for recording. You can often re-add the standalone TBC after the DVD recorder, because it's still not necessarily the best analog signal yet. Only a few select models have this unique passthrough ability. The Panasonic "ES" series from 2005-2006 is known for this (ES10, ES15, etc). The Panasonic DMR-ES10 is suggested and is still sometimes sold used/refurbished at Amazon for a about ~$200.

DVD recorder 'TBCs' will do next to nothing (or outright nothing) in terms of visual cleaning or signal cleaning in a positive way.

Some of the DVD recorders do have digital noise reduction (NR), but it can be overly strong. The ES10, for example, over-processes the video with or without the NR feature engaged, causing temporal blurring/ghosting and posterizing/banding the video (compressed color palette). Turning on the NR feature makes it stronger. For this reason, the ES10 is not suggested for use as a TBC replacement, but simply as a box used to address this specific tearing error. Remember that the goal of restoring video is to make it better, not make it perfect -- compared to tearing, overdone NR is the lesser of evils.


DV Converter Box 'TBC':

Even worse than DVD recorders, the so-called "TBCs" found in DV converters generally do nothing to help with your video or signal quality.
  • By design, these TBCs are supposed to act like a DVD recorder frame synchronizer, very mildly correcting the input signal stability, just good enough to be captured without dropped frames. More often, however, the TBC/frame sync is erratic, and will still choke on really bad frames or non-video data, resulting in a recording with lots of flaws and errors that have to be edited out later. Non-video data includes glitches in the recording, blue screens, static/snow between clips, VCR menus, etc. Significant frame "bouncing" is common for several frames when the video resumes, after a really bad frame or snow/static frame. The buffers are poor, as compared to an external TBC.
  • In others cases, the TBC does nothing at all.
Canopus and DataVideo DV converters both claim to have TBC functionality. Sellers of this hardware have been known to wildly exaggerate the timebase correction abilities of DV converters (DV bridges), going so far as to lie to customers, by insisting a Canopus ADVC-100/ADVC-110 can replace a TBC. Complete poppycock!

The Canopus ADVC-300 is commonly propagandized by the manufacturer and sellers for being a box that will make your video perfect. However, it is no more or less special than any other DV converter, as observed by users. In fact, in many cases, the performance of the ADVC-300 was very poor according to users (as proven with comparison clips), due to significant overprocessing of the video. The best quality was achieved by turning off all the expensive filters.

Keep in mind that these DV converter boxes are from the era of the Pentium III computer. Literally the technology of the late 1990s and early 2000s, before it was possible to easily achieve high quality uncompressed and lossless AVI capturing, as well as MPEG-2 capturing. If you still insist on using a DV box, however, the ADVC-110 is available from Amazon for $220 and B&H for $220, and the ADVC-300 is also available from Amazon for $410 and B&H for $400.


Conclusion


The best advice is to stack a good S-VHS VCR (with TBC) with a standalone TBC, to take care of both image/visual and signal quality. If you use a DVD recorder or DV box further down the line, so what -- forget it has a TBC. Or rather, forget "TBC" was written on the box.

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Last edited by kpmedia; 09-14-2012 at 11:51 AM. Reason: Added link to AVT-8710 photos thread.
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  #2  
07-25-2011, 11:56 PM
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http://on2dvd.com.au/desktop-video/v...a-compact.html would this be a good unit its five dollars less the the other non datavideo unit mentioned above.
It seems to have a solid case that should aid in the heating problems these unit have???
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08-22-2011, 08:55 AM
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Hi Johnny, welcome to the site.

To answer your question (about the linked 1T-TBC), plus add more details to this TBC FAQ thread...

Cypress Technology and DataVideo are the two primary TBC manufacturers still making low-cost external timebase correctors with frame synchronization. "Low cost" meaning the TBC is less than $1,000, with many Cypress and DataVideo models falling well below $500.


DataVideo

DataVideo products easy to find, as those are only sold under the Data Video name brand. B&H Photo and Video currently sells the available models released by DataVideo (the TBC-1000 for $480 plus shipping, for example). At one point in time, DataVideo had several current models available -- the TBC-100 (PCI slot card, molex powered), the TBC-1000, TBC-3000, TBC-4000, TBC-5000, TBC-7000, etc. Each TBC model was a TBC-100 paired with another device, inside a standalone black metal box. The TBC-1000, for example, was a TBC-100 plus the VP-299 distribution amplifier, inside the VP-299 box.

See attached photos at the bottom of this post. Compare the VP-299 to the TBC-1000.
You can also check out user manuals for most known models of DataVideo TBCs: http://www.digitalfaq.com/forum/vide...s-service.html

There's also some evidence that suggests the TBC-100 board, used by itself, may yield a higher image quality than when used inside a "combination" unit (i.e., the TBC-1000, which is the TBC-100 married to a VP-299). Most of these combo TBC units can be home modified to use only the TBC-100, and bypass the secondary video processor. Instructions and photos of modified units can be found in this thread: AVT-8710 vs 1T-TBC vs TBC-1000 (TBC-100)

Understand that many TBC-1000 units looked perfect as-is, but quality from copy to copy seems to have varied, with plenty of user evidence online suggesting some units were soft or had vertical power line noise in the image. These defects have been shown to be caused by the VP-299 distribution amp, and not the actual TBC-100 inside the case. Modify as needed, only if and when needed. Test your unit before deciding if the VP-299 (or other married processor in non-TBC1000 models) is causing harm.


Cypress, AVToolbox and TVOne

Cypress products are also easy to find -- just not under the Cypress name brand. The two primary models of Cypress TBCs are the CTB-100 and the 1T-TBC. Cypress is the designer and manufacturer of these timebase correctors, and they're sold in bulk to private labels that re-brand (or "rebadge") the units with their own brandings, and sometimes (in the case of the 1T-TBC) their own unique cases/boxes.

The CTB-100 is the lower priced of the two TBCs, and often considered to be of extremely high quality (when it doesn't have defective chipsets, at least!) This specific model is best known as the AVT-8710 in North America, as sold by TVOne and AVToolbox, and easily available from B&H for about $225. On eBay and in Europe, it's often sold under any number of model numbers -- CTB-100, TCB-100, AVT-8710, TBC-100, and others. See attached photos, showing variant CTB-100 models.

In terms of 1T-TBC vs CTB-100, there's some pretty damning evidence from users that show the 1T-TBC, even at its higher price, may be blurry and ghosted compared to both the DataVideo lines, as well as Cypress' own CTB-100 (aka AVT-8710, etc).

See the example images here: AVT-8710 vs 1T-TBC vs TBC-1000 (TBC-100)
More images and discussion on 1T-TBC flaws at Hardware (re)considerations for capture (Panasonic, AVT-8710 etc.)

According to TVOne support, the CTB-100 and 1T-TBC share the same main circuit board -- but apparently the 1T-TBC has something added, which results in the decreased image quality. There's also a variant model which adds genlock: the 1T-TBC-GL. The only potential benefit of the 1T-TBC is that no current chipset defects have been reported by users online -- it's contained mostly to 2011 issue AVT-8710 and CTB-100 models.

You'll find a photo gallery of images at AVT-8710 TBC specs? ... it shows both the inside components, and shots of the power supply specs. The images come from a known-working unit with zero flaws.


The Best External Timebase Correctors

Best TBCs to Buy! As of summer 2011*, the list of suggested sub-$500 TBCs is as follows, from best to worst...

BrandModel$New$UsedIn StoresRiskNotes
1. DataVideoTBC-100$300+$200+NoNoFits into computer for power, inert PCI slot
2. AVToolbox / TVOneAVT-8710$225+$150+YesYesSome units may have defective chipsets
3. CypressCTB-100$200+$150+Yes*YesSome units may have defective chipsets
4. Cypress clonesvaries$200+$150+Yes*YesSome units may have defective chipsets
5. DataVideoTBC-1000$475+$200+YesYesMay need mods for best performance, risk via mod quality
6. DataVideoother TBCs$500+$200+NoYesMay need mods for best performance, risk via mod quality
6. Cypress / TVOne1T-TBC$420+$250+YesMaybeDefective chipset status unknown
7. Key West Big VoodooBVTBC/8/10$500+$200+NoYesMay have random pixel noise in video signal

* Note that most Cypress units, and their clones, are sold on eBay. Some of the sellers have proved to be obstinate, rude, and generally lacking of any knowledge on video (including TBCs), resulting in difficult returns (if required, due to receiving a defective unit). Several auctions also have horribly distorted information, both with images and as text, describing the abilities of TBCs -- pure lies, as far as I'm concerned.
* Although this post was written in August 2011, it probably will not need updates anytime soon. Don't be one of those obnoxious people that thinks all online articles need monthly updates. This list of TBCs has not changed in several years, and can be considered "evergreen" content. At most, when/if Cypress fixes their bad chipsets, notes on that issue will be amended. Or if one of the new products becomes discontinued, and is no longer available in stores. The rankings will not change, outside of the unlikely situation of a new product coming to market. Just so we're clear on this. Thanks.

Anything not sold "in stores" will have to come from used channels. For example, the digitalFAQ.com Marketplace forum, eBay, or Craigslist.

I personally use several TBC-100 and AVT-8710 models. And then I have used an unmodified TBC-1000 with no loss is visual quality (meaning no modification is necessary). These external TBCs provide stable signals to the capture cards and DVD recorders, which allow for a perfect transfer experience -- no dropped frames, no signal-caused distortions.

I hope this has helped expand this thread.

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Attached Images
File Type: jpg DataVideo VP-299.jpg (29.6 KB, 76 downloads)
File Type: jpg Cypress CTB-100 side view.jpg (13.6 KB, 50 downloads)
File Type: jpg Cypress CTB-100 top view.jpg (27.0 KB, 38 downloads)
File Type: jpg CTB-100 aka Hall Research TBC-100.jpg (22.6 KB, 43 downloads)
File Type: jpg CTB-100 aka AVTool AVT-8710 (black) side.jpg (26.1 KB, 44 downloads)
File Type: jpg CTB-100 aka AVTool AVT-8710 (black) top.jpg (48.1 KB, 31 downloads)
File Type: jpg CTB-100 aka AVTool AVT-8710 (green) top.jpg (21.8 KB, 34 downloads)

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  #4  
12-06-2011, 07:14 PM
metaleonid metaleonid is offline
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I'd like to ask a question and to comment.

The question is... Out of the external TBC you've mentioned, any model has good 3d comb filter for Y/C separation? Or TBC are not designed for that?

I'd like to comment on Canopus ADVC. I know that you don't like them... nevertheless.
1. Only ADVC-300 has built-in LTBC. ADVC-100/110 don't and are not advertised to have LTBC.
2. I recently acquired ADVC-300 to use with not-so-important low quality old VHS tapes just to make it quick. So far I had not had any single frame dropped during my captures and that would include static/snow between clips and so forth. The only thing I experienced was disconnection during blue screen due to the fact that I was capturing in SECAM format and at the time VCR stopped, it automatically would switch into NTSC format for blue screen. So I guess in that sense LTBC is doing a pretty decent job. The TV Tuner card I have would immediately drop frames during static/snow.

Last edited by metaleonid; 12-06-2011 at 07:18 PM. Reason: correction
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12-06-2011, 09:33 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by metaleonid View Post
I'd like to ask a question and to comment.
The question is... Out of the external TBC you've mentioned, any model has good 3d comb filter for Y/C separation? Or TBC are not designed for that?
They're really not designed for that. In fact, most TBCs react terribly if you input s-video or composite, and then switch have output on the other. There's a filter because you have the ability to swap from composite to s-video inside the unit, but it's far from "good". The input should match the output connection, when it comes to the TBC. The TBC is for correcting timing and synchronization, not Y/C separation. (Noting that it does have some obvious ability to separate, since it filters composite input. But again, not really "good" when compared to some of the better video hardware out there, like JVC VCRs or certain DVD recorders.)

dFAQ forum member Ghitulescu made this comment on another site:
Quote:
A good comb filter adds at least 100€ to the price of the device it includes it. Separating composite into Y/C can be done as cheaper as adding a capacitor and let the receiving device do the real separation.
I have a TBC-100 here, about to be put in a computer, and I pulled out a magnifying glass. I has Philips SAA7111AHZ (x2), Conexant Bt864AKRF (x1), and AVerLogic AL422B-PBF (x4) chipsets on the board. I don't remember everything about the DataVideo TBC-100/1000 guts anymore -- too long since I researched it some 7+ years ago -- but I do know current performance. The switchover is lousy, so that always forged my opinion of the Y/C separation. Be it right or wrong, that's how I form my opinions on Y/C separation.

It's just not the job of an external TBC.

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12-06-2011, 10:24 PM
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The comb filter in the AVT-8710/TBC-100 is nothing special, they claim its 2D-line. You get plenty of dot crawl with it. The comb filters in JVC SVHS decks and the Panasonic AG-1980 are of the 3D-adaptive type and produce much cleaner output without dot crawl.
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12-09-2011, 11:32 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lordsmurf View Post
According to this guide I guess I am left with basically 2 options. Which one of these 2 are better quality? If I go with AVT_8710, how do I know if the chipset is defective? I don't mean in advance before purchase. I mean what symptoms of the defective chip would there be (what will I see on the screen)?

B&H is 20 minute away from where I work.

Thank you.

--Leonid
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12-18-2011, 12:28 PM
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Ok, I went ahead and purchased AVToolbox AVT-8710. However, I am returning it. I've tried it with my FlyVideo LifeView 3000 TV Tuner card. I plugged the DVD player and played Snell & Wilcox reference. NTSC. The video quality between direct capture and capture via TBC was very close. The images are attached. However, I then used the SECAM VHS tape. And there I noticed that when I viewed using TBC, TBC would freeze the video frame at random from about 100-200 milliseconds up to a second or more. Yeah, I would not get the dropped frames during capture as far as my TV Tuner card is concerned, but I would get the dropped frames inside TBC. The frozen frame is a dropped frame in my book. So I had to scratch this solution.

While playing with it I noticed that my capture software has perhaps something similar to TBC. I use Philips SAA713x family card and use Philips drivers (not the LifeView ones). The application software has Vertical sync recovery modes. There are 4 modes: Normal, Fast Tracking, Free Running and Intermediate Running. Usually what I used to do is I would start capturing in Fast Tracking mode and then switch to Free Running mode. That way, I don't get any dropped frames.


Attached Images
File Type: jpg Direct.JPG (38.3 KB, 46 downloads)
File Type: jpg TBC.JPG (37.9 KB, 44 downloads)
File Type: jpg Free Running.JPG (67.9 KB, 39 downloads)
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  #9  
02-20-2012, 09:54 PM
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AVToolbox AVT-8710 (a Cypress CTB-100 model). How is the audio handled on a unit with no ins & outs for audio on the TCB?
After capturing it are you supposed to take the file while in the timeline, unlink the audio from the video and nudge it into place?
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02-20-2012, 10:09 PM
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TBCs only process video.
The only TBCs that have audio inputs are actually TBCs merged with distribution amps, such as the TBC-1000.
The DataVideo TBC-1000, for example, is a TBC-100 inside a VP-299 distribution amp.

There's no reason to nudge anything on a timeline. Audio should still be in sync. (At worst, it'll be a half frame offset.)

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02-25-2012, 11:30 PM
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Hi, lordsmurf. Any recommandation for a pro tbc unit ? Because now with some of the older posts here, I'm quite lost. Wich one of the units are the best and affordable and, it they needs modification(s), wich one(s) should we do for the best efficiency and can we get a good tutorial to do these correctly ?

Thanks to answer
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03-10-2012, 01:27 AM
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With the AV Tool AVT-8710 i believe it only comes with a 110v power adaptor for USA market. If i buy one of these TBC's can i just use any power adaptor sourced locally the right voltage and amp rating because i am not in USA and have 220-240volt mains.
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04-01-2012, 09:05 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Cyclone82 View Post
With the AV Tool AVT-8710 i believe it only comes with a 110v power adaptor for USA market. If i buy one of these TBC's can i just use any power adaptor sourced locally the right voltage and amp rating because i am not in USA and have 220-240volt mains.
The AVT-8710 is the North America private label (rebadge/re-brand) of the CTB-100.
The CTB-100 would come with a power supply native to where it was sold.

But the unit itself works with worldwide power standards -- you just need to get the proper plug for it.

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04-03-2012, 04:48 PM
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Great thread, I'm currently looking to buy a new TBC and it's helped narrow the options down. The last one I bought was a CTB-100, which I got unlucky on and received a defective unit, with all the same problems that have been well documented here already. It's really unfortunate that the new units are defective for such a highly recommended model. I'd rather not take the risk on buying another one.

The TBC-100 looks like the best replacement, since out of the list I see there's no cases of defective units. If I'm reading correctly, the standalone TBC-1000 is, in some cases, negatively affecting the image because of the distribution amp. Therefore, is the 100 PCI model actually transparent? Or does it still have some degree of softening or otherwise affecting the image?

Apart from wanting a TBC that works well, having a TBC that is transparent is important to me. One of the frustrating things about my CTB-100 is that its proc amp isn't set at neutral, it makes many of its own adjustments without me touching anything, which I consider unacceptable. I can live with an image that's a touch softer though, if the TBC has exceptional performance.

I'd appreciate any feedback I can get on this, I have the option to buy a new TBC-100 and would like to know if it's currently the most reliable choice for performance and transparency. Excluding pro models that is.

Thanks for your time.
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04-04-2012, 04:33 AM
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The TBC-100 is easily one of the best TBCs for transparent processing (removal of signal flaws).

The only time you may have issues with it is if the computer's power supply is "dirty" power, but you'd likely notice that problem on graphics output, capture cards and audio cards, too. (It's NOT always present on all three devices, but usually it's visible everywhere when present. The solution is to use a better power supply, not the cheap ones or "free" ones that came with a budget-grade computer.)

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  #16  
04-06-2012, 12:18 AM
Cyclone82 Cyclone82 is offline
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With the TBC-100 because its ment for a desktop and i only have a lap top, could i mount it in a box and run it on its own 12v or whatever it needs power supply to it and basically make it into a TBC-1000 but without the distribution amp?
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  #17  
04-08-2012, 01:15 AM
Cyclone82 Cyclone82 is offline
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I wonder if these are worth adding to the list at the start of the thread
- http://www.cypress.com.tw/english/display.asp?id=309
- http://www.cypress.com.tw/english/display.asp?id=308

Have not seen them mentioned
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  #18  
04-10-2012, 01:08 PM
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kpmedia kpmedia is offline
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Those are all the same TBC chipsets -- CTB-100, from what I've read (and seen from people taking theirs apart). It's just the CTB-100 with other stuff added, not too dissimilar from the TBC-1000 from DataVideo being a TBC-100 married to a distribution amp.

Mounting a TBC-100 into a VP-299 won't work, to make your own TBC-1000, because the power supplies are different. You can't self-make a TBC-1000 without more parts than you'll received from a TBC-100 and VP-299 alone. I've attempted to house a TBC-100 in a homemade external enclosure, but the power is too dirty. I've yet to find a clean-power 4-pin molex to AC adapter. Sadly, there really are not any PCI>external enclosures on the market, aside from a few specialty items that cost more than a TBC-1000 new.

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  #19  
04-14-2012, 05:23 AM
Cyclone82 Cyclone82 is offline
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I understand the problem above, but i am sure there could be a way to do it. I reckon all you would need to do is replicate the power input side of the TBC1000 and then add that. As long as it does not made up of any of those surface mounted robot soldered in chips then i think it would be possible. I will buy a TBC1000 first. If thats no good then i will try a TBC100 and convert that to a external unit.

It is interesting that i have just seen photos inside 2 different TBC1000's and they are different!

see the small orange PCB in this

http://img155.imageshack.us/img155/8991/tbc10001.jpg

well i have seen one with out it. Never seen this mentioned before. Instead of having that 3 legged item on the black heatsink (i should not what its called but my mind has gone blank) mounted with those other capacitors on that orange PCB, the photos of the one i have see has that 3 legged component on the TBC100 board where that little white plug with 2 leads is connected.

Any idea what that section on the orange board is?

Very interesting

Last edited by Cyclone82; 04-14-2012 at 06:13 AM.
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  #20  
08-21-2012, 06:46 PM
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How about Kramer FC-400. Kramer seems like a respectable manufacturer, their unit is still available for a reasonable $600-700USD, specs list among else 10bit AD/DA which is a nice bonus. I've been searching high and low and cannot find anyone with real first hand experience with this Frame Sync.

In a related note, Kramer explained sync and TBCs pretty nicely in their FAQ:
Quote:
What are the sync related problems in video?

Sync related problems might be divided into two kinds: Problems with the sync information carried with the video signal. Problems of sync signal compatibility. As sync information is vital for video image stability, deterioration or loss of the sync signals effects image stability. Both Horizontal and Vertical sync signals are crucial for image stability and proper image centering on the screen. When the sync signals are effected, during transmission or recording, they may be recovered using a sync restoring device or a TBC (Time Base Corrector). The problem of sync compatibility exists because there are so many standards for transferring sync information with the video signal: sync signals may come in analog form, as a composite sync signal, and they may come in digital form - either composite or separate - Horizontal or Vertical, positive direction or negative. The sync signals may also be part of the luminance signals (as in Composite Video or Y/C) or ride on a video component signal - such as the “Green” signal. To solve this compatibility problem, special sync format converters are needed.
Quote:
What is the difference between a Black Burst Restorer and a TBC?

When sync or color burst information gets lost or distorted, it must be recovered in order to maintain proper signal stability and true color. A Black Burst Restorer strips away all sync and color burst information (the “Black burst” signal) and replaces it with newly generated Black Burst from an internal genlocked generator. In many cases, this solves the instability and the color fidelity problems. In severe cases, when not only the sync and color burst information are effected, but the lengths of the video signal lines are also distorted (as in high generation video tape copies), a Time Base Corrector (TBC) is needed to restore the video signal. The TBC “re-stretches” the video lines to the proper length and restores the sync and color information.
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