I understand why people choose a capture that is less than 8 bit or 10 bit. Visually, it is hard to distinguish from a good compression format like DVCPRO50. Also, popular frame synchronizers like the Data-video TBC-1000 only process at 8-bit. Also, some capture methods do not offer uncompressed.
My argument for 8-bit or 10 bit capture has to do with the complexities of compression. If you capture at 10 bit and then compress to a H.264 youtube SD file a lot is lost. What are some good compression standards to choose when exporting a file from Adobe Premiere?
The thread below mentions, Huffyuv
AVI, which is an old standard, which means that it might need to be re-encoded to a different standard sooner than a more recent compression standard. HuvvyHV also requires more technical knowledge of compression as it is not listed anywhere in Adobe Premiere exporting options and all the online references point to the fact that is quite old. H.264 varies in quality according to which on you pick. An example is “Youtube SD h.264” which is obviously not the best choice even though it is H.264.
My argument is to capture in 8 bit or 10 bit and then compress if and when you need a smaller file size or for redundant copies to back up your 8/10bit originals. You can get about 8 hours of 10 bit on a 1TB hard drive which is $50.00 and if you purchase a larger drive less. This comes down to about $12.50 per two hours, which is less than one of those nicer DVCPRO tapes and closer to the cost of a “premium” VHS tape. If you capture to DVCPRO50 for example, that is a great compression standard, but if you later need to change standards a few times over the years I think you loose something every time you re-encode the video?
Does anyone have any idea which types of compression to export with Premiere CS5.5 that would be acceptable to the average consumer? These days people are generally content with garbage, they get garbage images from their cell phones, we get garbage voice quality, slow and inefficient internet, and who knows what other troubles from do-everything cell phones. This means that the average person just wants to see an image. How do you get to that standard with Premiere CS5.5? I see the MPEG-2 option, but which H.264? Are there any others that are acceptable?
Also, I thought that it is better to capture in 8 bit or 10 bit and then use compression than to capture straight to a compression method. Perhaps this is in part because it is better to edit in 8 or 10 bit than a lesser format but with VHS signal quality maybe that does not matter?
Here are other references from this site that talk about capture formats: